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Geology

What can I do with this major?

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Area

Employer


Resources:
Energy (Coal, Oil, Gas, and Other Engery Sources)

 
  • Stratigraphy
  • Sedimentology
  • Structural Geology
  • Geophysics
  • Economic Geology
  • Geomorphology
  • Paleontology
  • Fossil Energy
  • Petroleum industry including oil and gas exploration, production, storage, and waste disposal facilities
  • Independent drilling companies
  • Federal government agencies such as:
    • Department of Energy
    • Bureau of Land Management
  • State government
  • Private companies
  • Consulting firms
  • Equipment suppliers

Resources:
Minerals

 
  • Mining Geology
  • Mineralogy
  • Geochemistry
  • Economic Geology
  • Paleontology
  • Stratigraphy
  • Sedimentology
  • Crystallography
  • Mining Companies
  • Consulting Firms
  • Federal government agencies such as:
    • Bureau of Mines
    • Office of Surface Mining
    • Bureau of Land Management
  • Coal companies
  • Well services and drilling companies
  • Construction firms
  • Quarries
  • Railroad companies

Landscape:
Environmental Geology

 
  • Sedimentology
  • Hydrology
  • Geomagnetism
  • Earth Surface Dynamics
  • Coastal & Marine Geology
  • Federal government agencies such as:
    • Environmental Protection Agency
    • Forest Service
    • Army Corps of Engineers
    • US Geological Survey
    • Bureau of Land Management
    • Department of Defense

Landscape:
Geologic Mapping

 
  • Federal government agencies such as:
    • US Geological Survey
    • Department of Defense
  • Private companies

Landscape:
Astrogeology and Space Sciences

 
  • Federal government agencies such as:
    • National Aeronautics and Space Association (NASA)
    • US Geological Survey

Hazards:
Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Landslides, Floods

 
  • Seismology
  • Tectonophysics
  • Geomagnetism
  • Global Seismic Networks
  • Federal government agencies including:
    • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
    • US Geological Survey
    • Department of Defense
  • Private research groups and foundations

Education

 
  • Teaching
  • Research
  • Administration
  • Elementary/secondary public or private schools
  • Colleges and universities
  • Museums

General Information and Strategies

  • Within the many facets of geology, there is often overlap of job functions. However, many geologists find advantage in becoming more specialized.
  • Gaining experience is very important and there are many opportunities for students to obtain volunteer, part-time, summer, internship, and/or co-op experiences in different geological fields.
  • A bachelor's degree may be sufficient for entry-level industry positions.
  • A master's degree is often preferred for statesurvey work and advancement in industry and government.
  • Employment prospects are best for those with master's degrees, familiarity with advanced technologies such as computer modeling, and willingness to relocate.
  • Plan on completing a state exam to become a registered geologist.
  • Obtain experience in mapping and surveying. Develop skills with measuring equipment as well as laboratory equipment and processes.
  • Obtain a business background to help in managing projects and assessing economic costs and benefits.
  • Have a love of the outdoors, an interest in nature, and a desire to travel.
  • Join groups directed toward improvement of natural resources, environment, and pollution control.
  • Develop exceptional computer skills.
  • Join the student branch of the professional organization(s) related to interest area(s).
  • Learn a foreign language since work may often be done in other countries.
  • Develop physical stamina to work and do research in remote areas under various conditions.
  • Excellent verbal and written communication skills are essential. The ability to market your skills and write proposals is necessary to maintain steady work. The ability to obtain grants may be necessary to continue a project.